McCarthy (1994) traces modern notions of masculinity back to the European and American expansionism of the mid-nineteenth century and the consequent emergence of social Darwinism, which
repopularized medieval “warrior values and myths” regarding physical courage, strength, and honor in order to justify colonial domination of “inferior” peoples. Under this version of masculinity, men measure themselves against the standard of the successful “Marketplace Man,” who wields economic and social power over others (Kimmel, 1997). Since few men can achieve this ideal, most spend their lives in relentless pursuit of masculinity, constantly fearing exposure as frauds. Indeed, Kimmel argues that fear is the overriding emotion driving men’s behaviors — fear of being dominated, of being seen as weak, of being humiliated. In one study, for example, when women and men were asked what they most feared, women reported a fear of being raped and murdered, whereas men confessed that their greatest fear was being laughed at (Noble, 1992, as cited in Kimmel, 1997, p. 235).

Until the lion has his historian, the hunter will always be the hero.

African Proverb 

This proverb exists in different forms in many parts of Africa

"Until lions have their own historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunter" (Igbo, Nigeria).

"Until lions start writing down their own stories, the hunters will always be the heroes" (Kenya and Zimbabwe).

Black/African history has always being taught/told from the perspective of White American/European colonisers. We need to reclaim our history and culture. No more white African Queens, Kings and Gods, there needs to be a true representation of African history and culture in the media. 

(via beautiesofafrique)

(via reverseracism)

deepcotton57821: Hi, I was recently thinking about transitioning from liberal feminist thought to radical feminism because although advocating for equality is important I think the patriarchy should be overthrown rather than reformed. However I noticed that many radical feminists seem to be transexclusive. Is that common to the school of thought? Because if so then this probably isn't the space for me.

pal-xiii:

radfemale:

**Sex: biological, scientific fact, male/female

**Gender: socially constructed, oppressive, stereotypical and one dimensional. femininity/masculinity.

  • Radical feminism analyses patriarchy and patriarchal socialisation on a very deep level. This includes analysing gender socialisation, who supports it, and how to abolish it.
  • Radical feminism, generally, is gender critical and works toward eradicating gender, not supporting the oppressive gender binary.
  • Trans activism DOES support the gender binary, because males for example, WITHOUT body dysphoria, say ‘I feel like a woman’.
  • Radical feminism asks what ‘feeling like a woman’ is. Are those people belittling us to a set of patriarchally supported oppressive stereotypes and norms? Yes. How? Because there is no such thing as ‘feeling like a woman’, womanhood isn’t an identity. We are all different.
  • Males and females have biological and scientific differences, but the ‘liberation’ liberal feminism throws around contradicts their thought on trans. How is it liberating to support the gender binary? Stereotypes, norms, and gender expectations enforced upon women has been one of our biggest oppressors, yet feminists are willing to support that. 
  • We aren’t saying hate speech here, we’re just urging people to be analytical. I don’t believe supporting ideas because it might hurt someone’s feelings otherwise is a good idea. I believe a lot of research, education and listening to other people’s views is very important and that’s what can help people understand radical feminism’s deal with trans women, without automatically jumping on the ‘fuck u ~*TERF*~’ band wagon. 

This is dope and interesting as fuck.

misterdelfuego:

     If y’all haven’t realized yet, in the Game of Thrones/Song of Ice and Fire universe I am wild for Dorne and the Dornish. For this reason, a line from last night’s episode of GoT pissed me off.

"We met, you and I. Many years ago. You had just been born. Our lord father brought me and my sister Elia with him on a visit to Casterly Rock.”

Let’s compare that to the lines from A Storm of Swords:

"We have met before, I would not expect you to remember though, You were smaller than you are now. It was many years ago, when my mother ruled in Dorne and your lord father was Hand to a different king. I visited Casterly rock with my mother, her consort, and my sister Elia.”

     One of the things that sets Dorne apart from the rest of the realm is that in Dorne, women have the same inheritance rights as men. The first born child is the heir, no matter the sex. Oberyn Martell never had a lord father. His mother was Princess of Dorne, ruling in her own right, and she had a consort. 

It’s an unnecessary and stupid change and I don’t like its implications.

antiporn-activist:

mangoestho:

gynocraticgrrl:

"My first scene actually, I got chlamydia and I was like, ‘Oh-my-gosh! This is so gross!’ As far as STDs, I had chlamydia probably three, four times or more. I had gonorrhea, I had bacterial infections a lot. And the testing I thought was keeping me safe because they make it sound like everyone’s tested but the thing is, you only test once a month and all through that month they might have gotten a ‘clean test’, but they might have [actually] gotten something.

My first anal scene I had to take painkillers because it was so, it was still so painful even with painkillers. I had a lot of vaginal tears, anal tears. I had anal tears quite a few times. When you’re on a really strong painkiller, it’s a lot easier to take something like anal and smile and act like you’re having a great time.

Physically, its [porn] is hard on the throat. My throat actually started bleeding in one of them. Mentally it’s also really hard.” - Vanessa Belmond

On the show Date My Pornstar, porn fans get to interact and converse with their favorite pornstars about their experiences in the industry (x).

escuelitaguazabara

Bring on the empowerment!

(Source: exgynocraticgrrl, via dragonfeminism)